Ocimum basilicum var. basilicum
There are more than a hundred varieties of basil, including ”camphor basil” and ”holy basil”. All species are highly fragrant. Thirty to fifty centimetres high, exotic basil has branching and hairy square stem that often becomes woody. The dark green leaves are small, oval and lanceolate. The white or pinkish flower spikes are grouped along the stems and appear in summer. The seeds are black, fine and oblong. The name basil is derived from the Greek basileus (king) and indicates its royal plant quality.
Main aromatic molecules: Phenol methyl ether, mainly methylchavicol or estragole.
Producing organs: Aerial parts.
Yield: 100g of essential oil per 100kg of plants.
Equivalence: 1 ml → 29 drops (dosage calculated for a calibrated dropper European Pharmacopoeia).
Extracts from the book ’Aromatherapia – All about essential oils’, by Isabelle Pacchioni, watercolors by Patrick MORIN, Aroma Thera Editions . Extracts from the book ’41 essential oils essential for treating yourself differently’ and ’48 essential oils which every home needs to be healthy’ by Isabelle Delaleu and Isabelle Pacchioni, Publications of the Mandadori France group. Botanical illustrations by Agathe Haevermans.
The properties, benefits and method of use are given for information; they cannot in any case constitute or replace medical information that only health professionals can provide. For any use of essential oils for therapeutic purposes, please consult your GP or pharmacist.